I have a question about farm deductions. Last year I purchased a vehicle for my agricultural business and I would like to take the full deduction this year rather than depreciating it? Is that allowed?
The maximum Section 179 expense deduction is $1,160,000. It’s reduced dollar-for-dollar for qualified expenditures more than $2 million.
The Section 179 deduction is limited to:
- The amount of taxable income from an active trade or business
- $28,900 for SUVs and other vehicles rated at more than 6,000 pounds but not more than 14,000 pounds
The $28,900 limit doesn’t apply if your vehicle is:
- Designed for more than nine passengers behind the driver’s seat
- Equipped with a cargo area of at least six feet in interior length that’s not readily accessible from the passenger compartment
- A vehicle that:
- Has an integral enclosure fully enclosing the driver compartment and load-carrying device
- Doesn’t have seating rearward of the driver’s seat
- Has no body section protruding more than 30 inches ahead of the leading edge of the windshield
You can carry over costs for an unlimited number of years that:
- You expense using the Section 179 deduction
- Are limited due to the business income limitations
Vehicle expenses have a separate limitation for the maximum amount of depreciation you can take. The limitation is based on these factors:
- If the vehicle is a car, truck, or a van
- If it’s an electric vehicle
- If you have chosen to take special or bonus depreciation
- If the vehicle is bought or leased
You can carry over any amounts over the maximum that you can’t claim in 2023.
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